Queen Puabi, who was also called Shubad due to a misinterpretation by Sir Charles Leonard Woolley, (the excavator) was an important person in the Sumerian city of Ur, (2600 B.C.). Several sealed cylinders found in her tomb identify her by the title “bin” or “eresh” which means queen or priestess. The discovery of great of Puabi’s tomb and it’s death pit reveals important information as well as raises questions about Mesopotamian society and culture. A large portion of ancient Mesopotamia is now covered by the country of Iraq. Near Euphrates and Tigris rivers is known as the “Cradle of Civilization,” and it was here that the first ever Mesopotamian civilizations: Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, and Assyrians were born. The Sumerians settled in Mesopotamia about 4000BC, making them the first civilization in the world.
At the Royal Cemetery, she was found with an ornate headdress that was made up of two strings of lapis and carnelian, and a large gold comb. She also wore necklaces, chokers and large lunate shaped earrings. Her upper body was covered in strands of beads made from semi precious and precious metals that stretched from her shoulders to her belt. Her fingers were decorated with 10 rings. A diadem made up of thousands of small lapis lazuli beads with gold pendants depicting animals and plants was apparently on a table near her head. In the chamber with Puabi were two attendants, one crouched by head and the other at her feet.
Her body was dug up at some point in the 20’s or 30’s. Various stone, metal and pottery vessels lasted around the walls. Her tomb was intact and it’s content we’re typical of the wealth of other royal tombs. Her body layer on a wooden bier in the chamber. Puabi’s seal does not place her in relation to any king or husband, which supports the theory she ruled on her own. This mysterious queen died while in her 40’s around 4500 years ago during the first dynasty.
Queen Aesthetique Apparel